Journal of the Home Metal Shop
Club of Houston,
Volume 5, Number 5 - May 2000.
Notes from the President
By: Keith Mitchell
In last month's newsletter, I forgot to recognize the members who volunteered to help with The FIRST Robotics competition. Joe Williams and John Lilly operated the lathe. Ron Blair volunteered for the power controller.
At the last meeting we appointed a committee to review our policy on remote members. Committee members are J.D. Wise, George Marsden, and Doug Chartier. If you have any opinion on this topic please communicate it to one of the committee members.
Ron Blair, Art Voltz, Doug Blodgett and myself attended NAMES this year. I managed to hook up with Ron and Art during the show. If you have the opportunity to go this is an excellent show; well organized, good venue, and well attended. You will have an opportunity to see what others are doing. There are examples of some outstanding work on display. Many of the vendors are there with their products. There are seminars both Saturday and Sunday with speakers such as Rudy Kouhoupt and Robert Langlois. Robert authored the Village Press book on EDM and demonstrated a low budget wire EDM he is developing. I missed the CAD-CAM-DRO seminar but understand it was lively. Ask Ron about the Ford Museum. I'll try to do a slide show at the next meeting of pictures I took.
Officer nominations for the June election is in progress. The four current
officers are the nominating committee. If you are asked to run for an office
consider the benefits of the club and consider giving some of that back
to sustain it. If you would like to be considered for an office for the
coming year see one of us to get your name in the hat.
March Meeting Minutes
By: Gordon Lawson
Chips Meeting - 1:00 April 15, Collier Library. 32 present. Two new
members - Taylor Brown and Dean Moreland, Two vistors - Joshua Griswold
and Richard Pichler
1. A committee to study the policy regarding remote members was formed. Members are George Marsden, Doug Chartier, and J. D. Wise. This committee will develop the pros and cons of accepting remote members Tenative target to report back to the membership at the June meeting.
2. Bill Swann demoed AutoCad 14 3D.
3. Doug Chartier showed a part made to adapt a high performance ignition to a 1970's vintage BMW.
4. Joe Scott brought some Hardinge lathe acessories he had made toassist him in making small parts.
5. John Alsop made some tongs in his forge and shared some construction techniques.
6. There was a discussion on making square or hexagonal holes. The answer was to use a Watts cutter: 3 teeth for a square hole and five teeth for a hexagonal hole.
7. Bob Lang brought his recently completed Wobbler engine. Bob makes his engines without acess to a mill.
8. Vance Burns reported on a knife and sword convention he recently attended. Automatic knives seem to be becoming popular. He also discussed the Taig ling of small machines.
Foundry Group Notes
By Keith Mitchell
The last foundry group meeting was spent completing plans for our first pour. On Sunday I went to Tom Moore's house to mull the Petrobond. Tom has a professional muller which handles 100# of material with no problem. We followed the directions explicitly. The directions call for 2# or 2 pints of oil. The kit I received from Budget Casting Supply had two quart cans of oil. Initially we added the specified two pints. The sand did not seem to be very well bonded so we added about another pint. This seemed satisfactory. With Tom's muller the whole process only took about 30 minutes excluding equipment time outs.
The first pour took place April 22 at Billy Hobbs shop in Hallettesville.
Five attended including Billy. <!doctype html public "-//w3c//dtd html
The photos below were taken during the first pour. I think everyone was surprised at our initial success considering none of us knew a cope from a drag at the start of the day. The first casting used a tool which was originally die cast so there is essentially no draft to the pattern. We were able to pull the pattern with minimal damage to the mold. and produce a casting which with minimal machining can be a useful tool. The second pattern poured was made by Anthony Yon. Two pieces were poured together with a runner between the two. We all have much to learn about pattern making but all in all the day was a success!
These pictures are from the first pour of the HMSC Foundry Group
Adding scrap aluminum to the melt.
Results of first mold
Removing first casting from mold
Orignal on right, copy on left
Original on left, copy on right
Pulling pattern from mold
Pouring excess into ingot molds
Casting removed from mold
Delrin (typically Delrin 150, or Delrin 100 Series) is a brand name for Dupont's acetal resins. Delrin is an engineered plastic that is made from the polymerization of formaldehyde. It provides the advantages of plastic along with properties that are similar to metal. It is available in black, white, and natural (tan). It is used for small parts such as pump components, valve components, gears, bushings, rollers, and electrical insulators.
The crystalline structure and chemical composition of Delrin provide the following characteristics:
* Good dimensional stability and resistance to creep.
* Good chemical resistance.
* Good electrical insulating properties.
* High tensile strength, stiffness, impact resistance, and fatigue endurance.
* Good end-use temperature range.
* Low friction coefficient
Property limits include:
* Moisture absorption.
* Limitations in repeated uses in steam or hot water.
* Limitations in exposure to strong acids and bases.
The most common processing technique used for Delrin is injection molding. This method is used mainly in the automotive, consumer goods, and appliance industries. Stock shapes such as bars, rounds, tubes, and plate are typically extruded. Mechanical properties include:
* 10,000 psi Tensile Strength.
* 18,000 psi Compressive Strength (at Yield).
* 450,000 psi Tensile Modulus
* R120 Rockwell Hardness.
* 0.20 Sliding Coefficient of Friction (at 40 psi, 50 fpm)
* 0.5% Deformation at 120 deg F, 2000 psi Load, for 24 Hours.
* 5.8 x 10^5 in/hr-deg F Thermal Expansion.
* 200 deg F Long Term Maximum Service Temperature.
* 300 deg F Short Term Maximum Service Temperature.
* 347 deg F Melting Point.
* 1.42 Grams/CC Specific Gravity.
* 0.90% Water Absorption (in 24 Hours, Fully Immersed)
* 0.25% Water Absorption (in 24 Hours, at 50% Relative Humidity).
Delrin is machined using similar techniques for brass. Sharp twist drills with a 118 degree point angle, and 10 to 15 degree lip clearance angle will provide a good finish with a slightly undersized hole. Reaming will improve the hole finish, but will also produce a slightly undersized hole. Delrin can be tapped, provided the thread size is large enough. Strong fine threads can be formed by heating a mating screw to 330 deg F, and screwing it into the proper sized hole.
Delrin can be turned using any standard metal-working lathe. Tools should be sharp and ground as for soft brass (a back rake to allow for free removal of material and a large clearance to eliminate drag). Milling requires sharp tools and proceeds as for brass. Filing is performed using deep, single-cut, coarse, curved teeth (commonly known as a Vixen file) as is used on aluminum and other soft materials. Delrin can be wet sanded on belt or disc equipment. After sanding, the surface can be brought to a high polish using standard buffing equipment.
Small parts such as washers, grommets, and non-precision gears (1/16 inch thick and less) can be produced by punching or stamping. Conventional dies are used in either hand or power operated presses. Cracking can be minimized by preheating the material or soaking it in water until approximately 2% moisture has been absorbed (typically 3 to 5 days of soaking).
Delrin can be glued with limited success. The bond will typically be weaker than the base material. In selecting a Delrin adhesive, consider both the end-use environment and the stresses that the adhesive must endure. Adhesive joints encounter 5 types of stress (compressive, tensile, sheer, peel and cleavage). In general, all adhesives have poor resistance to peel and cleavage, so joints should be designed to avoid these stresses. Also, avoid the use of butt joints.
Because of the "greasy" nature of Delrin, the surface treatment is typically the most important consideration for a glued joint. Common surface treatments include roughening and/or applying a primer (a solvent, or an acid). The primer etches the material surface giving the glue something to hold on to. Typical strength values for a bonded joint are 7000 psi with etching/primer, and 500 psi without etching/primer. Applicable adhesives are:
* Cyanoacrylate & Primer - 770, from Loctite (800-562-8483)
* Cyanoacrylate - Permabond 268, from Permabond (800-653-6523)
* Epoxy - Lord C3135 A&B, from Lord Corp (814-868-3611)
* Epoxy - FE7004 A&B, from H.B.Fuller (800-328-9673)
* Epoxy - Fiber Resin C14, from Fiber Resin Corp (800-346-9876)
* Epoxy - EA934NA & EA9394, from Dexter Corp (510-458-8000)
* Rubber - EC1711, from 3M (800-364-3577)
Pricing for Delrin stock shapes is somewhat expensive. As of March 2000 typical pricing is as follows:
* 1/4" Round Rod - $0.54/ft
* 1/2" Round Rod - $1.50/ft
* 1" Round Rod - $5.34/ft
* 3" Round Rod - $58/ft
* 1/4" Thick Sheet - $25/ft^2
* 1/2" Thick Sheet - $57/ft^2
* 1" Thick Sheet - $106/ft^2
* 3" Thick Sheet - $375/ft^2
Picking Up an Existing Thread
By: Dick Saunders
Edited by: Joe Williams
Dick Saunders of Saunders Gun and Machine Shop picked up one of our newsletters handed out at NAMES 1999. In that newsletter was an article by Alan May concerning hints for beginners. Alan indicated he had difficulty in picking up an existing thread on the lathe. Dick spent the time to furnish the following procedure to pick up an existing thread.
First - The 60 degree threading tool must be set at centerline height
and square with the work.
Second - The compound should be set at 29-1/2 degrees.
Third - Run the lathe at speed you are comfortable to thread. Back the tool away from the work and away from the headstock.
Fourth - With the cross slide backed off and the compound backed off to get the tool away from the work, turn on the spindle and engage the halfnuts at your chosen number on the thread dial. As the cutting tool gets in line with the existing threads stop the spindle without disengaging the half nuts. Using a very good magnifying glass (5X loupe) use the compound and cross slide to line up with the existing thread. Set the cutting tool to the bottom of the thread so that the tool contacts on both sides and reset the dials on both to Zero, always move in the forward direction so the backlash will not enter into the operation
You can now pick up the existing thread. Return to the starting point and set the cross slide to Zero and set the compound to the desired cut depth. Engage the half nuts at the correct thread dial location. Continue to cut the thread the thread close to the desired size and take the final cuts to size by advancing the cross slide straight into the thread. I use the "three wire method" of measuring the threads and cut the last three or so thousandths off of the threads by advancing the tool straight into the work using the correct lubricant for the material being cut. The "Three Wire Method" will give excellent size providing the tool is set square to the work and the angle of the tool is sixty degrees.